The sanitary-epidemic conditions of the Stalingrad Region and the work of the health authorities in 1941-1945

Bululina E.V., Golovina E.L., Lysenko I.A. The sanitary-epidemic conditions of the Stalingrad Region and the work of the health authorities in 1941–1945 // The Russian Peasant Studies. 2021. V.6. №2. P. 62-78.

DOI: 10.22394/2500-1809-2021-6-2-62-78

Annotation

The article considers the difficult epidemic situation in the Stalingrad Region during the Great Patriotic War and the work of the health authorities to combat dangerous infections. The war determined the restructuring of the entire sanitary-epidemiological service of the country. The appointment of one person in the administration of the USSR People’s Commissariat of Health and the State Defense Committee as responsible for the anti-epidemic work allowed to create a single control center for the main anti-epidemic measures and had positive results. The well-coordinated and controlled work of all medical services together with an emphasis on preventive measures to combat acute infectious diseases (mass immunization by vaccination, revaccination and phaging, strict measures to localize epidemic foci) allowed to successfully defeat epidemics in the army, local and evacuated population in the most difficult period for our country.

Keywords

World War II, history of medicine, health care, epidemics, sanitaryepidemiological service, vaccination.

About the authors

Bululina Elena V., DSc (History), Deputy Head of the Research and Development Department, Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region; Senior Researcher, Center for the Study of the Battle of Stalingrad. 400005, Volgograd, Chuikova St., 45.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
Golovina Evgenia L., Chief Specialist, Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region; Researcher, Center for the Study of the Battle of Stalingrad. 400005, Volgograd, Chuikova St., 45.
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Lysenko Irina A., PhD (Economics), Head of the Research and Development Department, Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region; Deputy Head of the Center for the Study of the Battle of Stalingrad. 400005, Volgograd, Chuikova St., 45.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


 

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