Gypsies in the post-Soviet Crimea: Migration and integration

Gusakov T. Yu. Gypsies in the post-Soviet Crimea: Migration and integration // The Russian Peasant Studies. 2022. V.7. №1. P. 146-170.

DOI: 10.22394/2500-1809-2022-7-1-146-170


Throughout the history of the state, marginal groups have been a challenge for its effective functioning and development. One of the most widespread and numerous marginal groups in the world is an ethnic group of Gypsies. For many centuries, they live with other peoples but remain cut off from the state and its social institutions. However, under globalization and the Gypsy emancipation, the situation is changing. In some countries, social stigmatization and discrimination of the Gypsies still exclude them from social processes, but there are cases of their successful social integration (for example, in post-Soviet countries). The article considers the current situation of the Gypsies on the Crimean Peninsula, reasons for their social isolation, and features of their interaction with the society. The author also analyzes the Gypsy migrations in the region, factors of their resettlement, and features of their social-economic integration into the Crimean society.


Gypsies (Roma), migration, sedentarization, nomadic lifestyle, social stratification.

About the author

Gusakov Timur Yu., Researcher, Center for Agrarian Studies, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. 119571, Moscow, Vernadsky Prosp., 82.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


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