The influence of regional social-economic factors on the illegal hunting of fur-bearing animals

Zakharov K. V., Makarova E. A., Konovalov A. M., Lomskov M. A. The influence of regional social-economic factors on the illegal hunting of fur-bearing animals // The Russian Peasant Studies. 2024. V.9. №1. P. 107-123.

DOI: 10.22394/2500-1809-2024-9-1-107-123

Annotation

Poaching is a complex phenomenon influenced by a variety of factors, including moral, social, economic and other; therefore, the study of its causes has scientific and practical significance. To identify the influence of social-economic factors on illegal hunting, the authors considered some regions of the Russian Federation, comparing their indicators of social-economic development with the share of illegally hunted ungulates and fur-bearing animals; this share differs significantly by region; ungulates are a more attractive target for poachers. To study the causes of poaching, the authors focused on the following social-economic factors: regional gross domestic product (GDP), incomes of residents, consumer price index for goods and services, population size, the share of villagers and the share of people with the hunting license in the regional population, and road network density. Some reliable factors were identified (the share of people with the hunting license, the share of villagers, incomes of residents and regional GDP), but the resulting models explain a small part of the variance. However, the study confirmed the complex nature of poaching as it failed to explain this phenomenon through a set of seemingly obvious variables, which was done for other countries.

Keywords

Poaching, hunting, social-economic indicators, transport accessibility, Russian regions, fur-bearing animals.

About the authors

Konstantin V. Zakharov, PhD (Biology), Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, Ecology and Protection of Nature named after A.G. Bannikov, Faculty of Biotechnology and Ecology, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after K. I. Skryabin. Akademika Skryabina St., 23, Moscow, 109472.
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Elena A. Makarova, PhD (Biology), Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, Ecology and Protection of Nature named after A.G. Bannikov, Faculty of Biotechnology and Ecology, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after K. I. Skryabin. Akademika Skryabina St., 23, Moscow, 109472.
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Alexander M. Konovalov, PhD (Agricultural Sciences), Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, Ecology and Protection of Nature named after A. G. Bannikov, Faculty of Biotechnology and Ecology, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after K. I. Skryabin. Akademika Skryabina St., 23, Moscow, 109472.
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Mikhail A. Lomskov, PhD (Biology), Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, Ecology and Protection of Nature named after A.G. Bannikov, Faculty of Biotechnology and Ecology, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after K. I. Skryabin. Akademika Skryabina St., 23, Moscow, 109472.
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The article was submitted on 20.11.2023.

 

Read 81 times Last modified on Apr 21 2024

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Center for Agrarian studies of the Russian Presidental Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)

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